AsseyMethod: photometeric
Abbrevation: D- Dimer
Sector: Biochemistry
SampleType: PC
S.Vol: 1
Transport: at RT,at 2-8˚c,at -20˚c,
Storage: 4 h at RT,8 h at 2-8˚c,14 days at -20˚c
Test Name: D-dimer
Normal Range: <0.3

This test is related to
Why get tested?

To help diagnose or exclude thrombotic (blood clot producing) or bleeding diseases and conditions.

When to get tested?

When you have symptoms of a disease or condition that causes acute and/or chronic inappropriate blood clot formation such as: DVT (Deep Vein Thrombosis), PE (Pulmonary Embolism), or , and to monitor the progress and treatment of DIC and other thrombotic conditions.

Sample required?

A blood sample taken from a vein in your arm.

Test preparation needed?


What is being tested?

When a vein or artery is injured and begins to leak blood, a sequence of clotting steps and factors (called the ) is activated by the body to limit bleeding and create a blood clot to plug the hole.  During this process, threads of a protein called fibrin are produced.  These threads are cross-linked (glued together by a protein called thrombin) to form a fibrin net that catches platelets and helps hold the forming blood clot together at the site of the injury.

Once the area has had time to heal, the body uses a protein called plasmin to break the clot (thrombus) into small pieces so that it can be removed.  The fragments of the disintegrating clot are called fibrin degradation products (FDP).  One of the FDPs produced is D-dimer, which consists of variously sized pieces of cross-linked fibrin.  D-dimer is normally undetectable in the blood and is produced only after a clot has formed and is in the process of being broken down.

The main use of D-Dimer is in excluding venous blood clots as a cause for symptoms in the legs or lungs – it has something called 'negative predictive value'. If your D-dimer result is negative it is extremely unlikely you have a significant venous blood clot. D-dimer has no 'positive predictive value' – it is raised in many conditions and does not help to narrow down a differential diagnosis if positive.

How is the sample collected for testing?

Typically, a blood sample is taken from a vein in your arm.

Is any test preparation needed to ensure the quality of the sample?

None required