AsseyMethod: Rapid test
Test Name: Calprotectine
Normal Range: ≥50
To detect intestinal inflammation; to distinguish between inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) and non-inflammatory bowel conditions (e.g. Irritable Bowel Syndrome, IBS); to monitor IBD activity
When you have bloody or watery diarrhoea, abdominal cramps, with or without fever, lasting more than a few days
A stool sample collected in a clean container
Calprotectin is a protein released by a type of white blood cell called a neutrophil. When there is inflammation in the gastrointestinal (GI) tract, neutrophils move to the area and release calprotectin, resulting in an increased amount released into the stool. This test measures the amount of calprotectin in the stool as a way to detect inflammation in the GI tract.
Intestinal inflammation is associated with inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) and with some bacterial GI infections, but it is not associated with many other disorders that affect bowel function and cause similar symptoms. Faecal calprotectin can be used to help distinguish between inflammatory and non-inflammatory conditions.
IBD is a group of chronic disorders characterised by inflamed and damaged tissues in the lining of the intestinal tract. The cause of IBD is not known, but these diseases are thought to be due to an autoimmune process that has been triggered by a genetic predisposition, a viral illness, and/or an environmental factor. The most common inflammatory bowel diseases are Crohn’s disease (CD) and ulcerative colitis (UC).
People with IBD typically have flare-ups of active disease that alternate with periods of remission. During a flare-up, a person may experience frequent bouts of watery and/or bloody diarrhoea, abdominal pain, weight loss, and fever. Between these flare-ups, symptoms frequently subside. Many people may go through extended periods of remission between flare-ups. Calprotectin testing can be useful in monitoring disease activity. The test is not specific or diagnostic for IBD, but it may be done to detect and evaluate the degree of inflammation.
How is the sample collected for testing?
A stool sample is collected in a clean container provided by the laboratory. This sample should not be contaminated by urine or water.
Is any test preparation needed to ensure the quality of the sample?
No test preparation is needed.